The Civil, Structural, and Architectural (CSA) team has a key role throughout the life of a project because their scope of work extends from below the ground to the top of the tallest structure. CSA engineers begin their work through an assessment of the site conditions that include geotechnical reports and expected plant loads. Loads can come from construction activities, temporary facilities, plant equipment, pipe racks, buildings, structures, roads, and a number of environmental forces such as wind and earthquakes. CSA engineers design the piles, mats, and foundations that support the site’s facilities and they also design all the superstructure above the ground such as pipe racks, auxiliary structures, maintenance platforms, operational platforms, and miscellaneous support systems.
CSA responsibilities are typically on the fast-track of a project because they support other disciplines. CSA material requirements are typically large amounts of concrete and steel. For these reasons, CSA engineers must work fast, but produce an efficient design, to keep the cost down and schedule quick.